Children eagerly posing for the camera in Amritsar, Punjab, India.
The Golden Temple in the state of Punjab has been a meditation retreat for pilgrims and sages since antiquity. Guru Nanak (1469-1539), the founder of the Sikh religion spent some time in this holy place. His followers later frequented the site in his tradition.
Amritsar is one of the most ancient and fascinating cities of India. It is an important seat of Sikh history and culture. Amritsar has various historical and religious sites. The most famous of them all in the Golden Temple which was founded by the fourth Guru of Sikhs, Guru Ramdas and completed by his successor Guru Arjan Dev. "Amritsar" meaning "Pool of the Nectar of Immortality", is the administrative headquarters of the Amritsar District in Punjab, India. Amritsar is located in the northwest part of India in the State of Punjab, Amritsar derives from Sanskrit Language "Amŗta-sarovar" - "Lake of Nectar". In Maharaja Ranjit Singh's time, Amritsar had superseded Lahore as the pre-eminent city of Punjab. It is also known for the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre (1919) in British times in India. The main commercial activities include tourism, carpets and fabrics, farm produce, handicrafts.